Dr. Yusuf Jadwat - Specialist in Periodontics and Oral Medicine

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FAQ > Plaque Control

What is plaque?

Plaque is a sticky film of bacteria that forms on teeth and gums. Many of the foods we eat cause plaque bacteria to produce acids. If you snack often, you could be having acid attacks all day long. Plaque that is not removed with thorough daily brushing and cleaning between teeth can eventually harden into calculus or tartar.

Plaque also produces substances that irritate the gums, making them red, tender or bleed easily. After a while, gums may pull away from the teeth. Pockets form and fill with more bacteria and pus. If the gums are not treated, the bone around the teeth can be destroyed. The teeth may become loose or have to be removed. In fact, periodontal (gum) disease is a main cause of tooth loss in adults.

What are some tips for daily oral care?

The best way to remove plaque is by brushing and cleaning between your teeth every day.

Brush your teeth twice a day, with a soft-bristled brush. The size and shape of your brush should fit your mouth, allowing you to reach all areas easily. Use a toothpaste that contains fluoride, which helps protect your teeth and gums. Cleaning between the teeth once a day with floss or interdental cleaners removes plaque from between the teeth, areas where the toothbrush can't reach. It is essential in preventing periodontal (gum) disease.

By taking care of your teeth, eating a balanced diet and visiting your dentist regularly, you can have healthy teeth and an attractive smile your entire life. Follow these tips to keep your teeth and mouth clean.

How do I brush my teeth?

  • Proper tooth brushing technique. Place your toothbrush at a 45-degree angle against the gums.
  • Move the brush in a circular motion several times using small, gentle strokes.
  • Brush the outer tooth surfaces, the inner tooth surfaces, and the chewing surfaces of the teeth.
  • To clean the inside surfaces of the upper and lower front teeth, hold the brush vertically with several gentle back-and-forth strokes over each tooth.
  • Brush your tongue to remove bacteria and freshen your breath.
If you have any pain while brushing or have any questions about how to brush properly, please be sure to call the office.

How do I floss my teeth?

Periodontal disease usually appears between the teeth where your toothbrush cannot reach. Flossing is a very effective way to remove plaque from those surfaces. However, it is important to develop the proper technique. The following instructions will help you, but remember it takes time and practice.

Break off about 30-40 cm's of floss and wind most of it around one of your middle fingers. Wind the remaining floss around the same finger of the opposite hand. This finger will take up the floss as it becomes dirty. Hold the floss tightly between your thumbs and forefingers.
  • Guide the floss between your teeth using a gentle rubbing motion. Never snap the floss into the gums.
  • When the floss reaches the gum line, curve it into a "C shape" against one tooth. Gently slide it into the space between the gum and the tooth.
  • Hold the floss tightly against the tooth. Gently rub the side of the tooth, moving the floss away from the gum with up and down motions.
  • Repeat this method on the rest of your teeth.
Do not be alarmed if during the first week of flossing your gums bleed or are a little sore. If your gums hurt while flossing, you could be doing it too hard or pinching the gum. As you floss daily and remove the plaque, your gums will heal and the bleeding should stop.

People who have difficulty handling dental floss may prefer to use another kind of interdental cleaner. These aids include special brushes, picks or sticks. If you use interdental cleaners, ask your dentist about how to use them properly, to avoid injuring your gums.

FAQ Sections

  • General

    How can I make an appointment?
    How much will treatment cost?
    and more...

  • Periodontics

    What is a Periodontist?
    How can I tell if I have gingivitis or periodontitis (gum disease)?

  • Dental Implants

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    Who would be a good candidate for dental implants?
    and more...

  • Bad Breath

    What should I do if I have bad breath?
    What may cause bad breath?
    and more...

  • Sedation

    What is oral conscious sedation?
    What is IV sedation?

  • Laser Periodontal Therapy

    Will Laser Periodontal Therapy be painful?
    Is it safe to put a laser in my mouth?
    and more...

  • Oral Medicine

    What is Oral Medicine?
    Why choose an Oral Medicine specialist?

  • Plaque Control

    What is plaque?
    What are some tips for daily oral care?
    and more...