Dr. Yusuf Jadwat - Specialist in Periodontics and Oral Medicine

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FAQ > Periodontics

What is a Periodontist?

A Periodontist is a dentist who specializes in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of periodontal diseases. A Periodontist also does treatment plans, places and maintains dental implants.

How can I tell if I have gingivitis or periodontitis (gum disease)?

Four out of five people have periodontal disease and don't know it! Most people are not aware of it because the disease is usually painless in the early stages. Unlike tooth decay, which often causes discomfort, it is possible to have periodontal disease without noticeable symptoms. Having regular dental check-ups and periodontal examinations are very important and will help detect if periodontal problems exist.

Periodontal disease begins when plaque, food debris, and saliva, is left on the teeth and gums. The bacteria produce toxins (acids) that inflame the gums and slowly destroy the bone. Brushing and flossing regularly and properly will ensure that plaque is not left behind to do its damage.

Other than poor plaque control, there are several other factors that may increase the risk of developing periodontal disease:
  • Smoking or chewing tobacco – Tobacco users are more likely than nonusers to form plaque and tartar on their teeth.
  • Certain tooth or appliance conditions – Bridges that no longer fit properly, crowded teeth, or defective fillings that may trap plaque and bacteria.
  • Many medications – Steroids, cancer therapy drugs, blood pressure meds, oral contraceptives. Some medications have side affects that reduce saliva, making the mouth dry and plaque easier to adhere to the teeth and gums.
  • Pregnancy, oral contraceptives, and puberty – Can cause changes in hormone levels, causing gum tissue to become more sensitive to bacteria toxins.
  • Systemic diseases – Diabetes, blood cell disorders, HIV / AIDS, etc.
  • Genetics may play role – Some patients may be predisposed to a more aggressive type of periodontitis. Patients with a family history of tooth loss should pay particular attention to their gums.
Signs and symptoms of periodontal disease:
  • Red and puffy gums – Gums should never be red or swollen.
  • Bleeding gums – Gums should never bleed, even when you brush vigorously or use dental floss.
  • Persistent bad breath – Caused by bacteria in the mouth.
  • New spacing between teeth – Caused by bone loss.
  • Loose teeth – Also caused by bone loss or weakened periodontal fibers (fibers that support the tooth to the bone).
  • Pus around the teeth and gums – Sign that there is an infection present.
  • Receding gums – Loss of gum around a tooth.
  • Tenderness or Discomfort – Plaque, calculus, and bacteria irritate the gums and teeth.
Good plaque control, a balanced diet, and regular dental visits can help reduce your risk of developing periodontal disease.

FAQ Sections

  • General

    How can I make an appointment?
    How much will treatment cost?
    and more...

  • Periodontics

    What is a Periodontist?
    How can I tell if I have gingivitis or periodontitis (gum disease)?

  • Dental Implants

    What is a dental implant?
    Who would be a good candidate for dental implants?
    and more...

  • Bad Breath

    What should I do if I have bad breath?
    What may cause bad breath?
    and more...

  • Sedation

    What is oral conscious sedation?
    What is IV sedation?

  • Laser Periodontal Therapy

    Will Laser Periodontal Therapy be painful?
    Is it safe to put a laser in my mouth?
    and more...

  • Oral Medicine

    What is Oral Medicine?
    Why choose an Oral Medicine specialist?

  • Plaque Control

    What is plaque?
    What are some tips for daily oral care?
    and more...